The increase in non-standard forms of employment in the past few decades has been driven by a variety of forces, including demographic shifts, labour market regulations, macroeconomic fluctuations, and technological changes. In some instances, non-standard forms of employment accommodated such changes and allowed more workers to get integrated into the labour market, in others, they posed challenges for working conditions and for performance of companies, as well as for the overall performance of labour markets, economies and societies.
The report analyses the incidence and trends of NSFE globally and explores the reasons behind this phenomenon, including changes in the world of work brought about by globalization and social change, shifting organizational practices among companies, and changes and gaps in the regulation of work. It also includes a series of policy recommendations.
Around the world, companies are increasingly using temporary employment for permanent tasks. Many workers in "non-standard employment" earn less, have less social protection and often cycle between temporary employment and unemployment. But some companies are finding that giving workers security through permanent contracts can also deliver a strong competitive advantage.